### Oral vs. written exams: What are we assessing in Mathematics?

#### Апстракт

their thoughts about the types of knowledge and understanding in mathematics that can be assessed on written and oral exams. Four out of seven professors were born and educated in Bosnia, Poland, Romania, and Ukraine, and they are currently teaching in Canada. The other three professors were born

and educated in Canada, the United States, and Germany, and they are all currently teaching in Germany. With the increased emphasis on closed book written examinations, the results in this study show that written exams alone are not sufficient to assess students’ conceptual knowledge and relational

understanding, and therefore, there is a critical need for implementing the oral assessments in mathematics courses.

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