The Production, Purchase and Processing of Milk in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Midhat Glavić, Amir Zenunović, Aleksandra Budiša

Апстракт


The aim of this research was to determine the actual data available to the dairies and to compare them with the statistical data. The actual data obtained from dairy can be used for further research and development of the dairy sector. Dominant production system in BiH are small farms (3‒5 cows) dealing with mixed livestock production, with the primary goal of self-sufficiency of which only 3.5% are farms with more than 20 dairy cows. The data used in the paper were derived from statistical agencies, as well as own research in the 7 largest milk processors in B&H (purchase about 86.10% of total milk in B&H). The number of dairy farmers of these 7 largest milk producers was 9.865 in 2015 (and 15.311 in 2012), who owned a total of 49.865 dairy cows in 2015 (42.364 in 2012). Average per producers of raw milk was 5.05 cows in 2015 (or 2.77 cow per producer in 2012). Average milk production per dairy cow was 4.149 L in 2015 (and 4.026 L in 2012). E‒class quality of milk is only 77% from the deliverables milk and 68% from the number of samples.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7251/AGREN1703187G

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SLANJE RADOVA:
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Kontakt adresa:
Univerzitet u Banjoj Luci
Poljoprivredni fakultet
(za redakciju časopisa Agroznanje)
Bulevar vojvode Petra Bojovića 1A
78000 Banja Luka
Republika Srpska
Bosna i Hercegovina

Izdavač časopisa:
Poljoprivredni fakultet /// Univerzitet u Banjoj Luci

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Ministarstvo za naučnotehnološki razvoj, visoko obrazovanje i informaciono društvo Republike Srpske

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ISSN 2233-0070 (elektronsko izdanje)