Models of Legal Persons Liability for Criminal Offences // Modeli odgovornosti pravnog lica za krivično djelo

Miodrag Bukarica

Апстракт


The Bosnia and Herzegovina legislations have accepted the accessory model of the legal persons’ liability for criminal offences, which, in the comparative legislation, has the status of a standard model. However, the practice shows that the prescribed conditions (bases) of the legal persons’ liability are sporadically applied, since the prosecutors tend to accuse solely physical persons and, quite seldom, legal persons. One of the shortcomings of the legally prescribed conditions (bases) of the legal persons’ liability may be described as a formalist approach to the elements of the legal persons’ liability, which, in one part, require the existence of certain formal acts of the legal person, such are decisions, orders or permissions. The other is that the legal person’s contributing is seen through the prism of activities of the persons or bodies that are registered with the registering court as the holders of supervisory or managerial functions in the legal person. At the same time, it is neglected the fact that the decision on committing a criminal offence is very often passed by the person or several persons who have the actual power to manage and make decisions on the legal person’s activities while, as a rule, there is no written trace of the decision. Therefore, the conditions (bases) of the legal persons’ liability for criminal offences should be altered so that they encompass the physical persons the actions of which, due to their actual power to manage the legal person’s activities, may be brought to a causal relation with committing the criminal offence. Finally, it should be excluded the possibility of establishing the legal persons’ liability in the cases when the perpetrator commits the offence in the name of the legal person and for the purpose of acquiring his own benefit thus it is necessary to add the condition that a legal person may be liable for a criminal offence solely if, by committing a criminal offence, it has acquired (or may have acquired) a material benefit or other kind of benefit or advantage.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7251/GFP1707236B

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UDK: 34

ISSN 2232- 9668          EISSN 2232-9684

Izdavač/Published by
Panevropski univerzitet ’’Apeiron’’ Banja Luka
/Pan-European University ’’Apeiron’’ Banja Luka
Pere Krece 13, 78000 Banja Luka, Bosna i Hercegovina
www.apeiron-uni.eu

Odgovorno lice izdavača
Darko Uremović, Bosna i Hercegovina

Urednik izdavača
Dr Aleksandra Vidović, Bosna i Hercegovina

Glavni i odgovorni urednik
Prof. dr Vladimir Čolović, Bosna i Hercegovina

Zamjenik glavnog i odgovornog urednika
Prof. dr Duško Medić, Bosna i Hercegovina

Urednik
Dr Aleksandra Vidović 

Izdavački savjet

Akademik prof. dr Rajko Kuzmanović, Bosna i Hercegovina
Prof. Dr. habil. Dr. Wolfgang Rohrbach, Austrija
Mr Siniša Aleksić, Bosna i Hercegovina
Darko Uremović, Bosna i Hercegovina
Prof. dr Esad Jakupović, Bosna i Hercegovina
Prof. dr Ilija Babić, Srbija
Prof. dr Danče Manoleva-Mitrovska, Makedonija
Prof. dr Drago Radulović, Crna Gora
Prof. dr Ljubinko Mitrović, Bosna i Hercegovina
Prof. dr Duško Medić, Bosna i Hercegovina

Uređivački odbor

Prof. dr Vladimir Čolović, Bosna i Hercegovina
Prof. dr Duško Medić, Bosna i Hercegovina
Prof. dr Ljubinko Mitrović, Bosna i Hercegovina
Akademik prof. dr Zoran Rašović, Crna Gora
Prof. dr Vlado Belaj, Hrvatska
Prof. dr Stanko Bejatović, Srbija
Prof. dr Vesna Rijavec, Slovenija
Prof. dr Tatjana Zoroska-Kamilovska, Makedonija
Prof. dr Dragan Jovašević, Srbija
Prof. dr Jovan Ćirić, Srbija

Lektor Prof. Tanja Ančić

Tehnički urednik Sretko Bojić

Web dizajn Siniša Kljajić

Rješenjem Ministarstva prosvjete i kulture Republike Srpske br: 07.030-053-85-4/11, od 04. 05. 2011. godine, “Godišnjak Fakulteta pravnih nauka” Banja Luka, upisan je u Registar javnih glasila pod rednim brojem 614.

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