THE ROLE OF MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS IN THE MAIN CONCEPT OF GREEN PRODUSTION IN THE CEMENT INDUSTRY
The concept of corporate environmental responsibility is under-implemented in developing countries, especially in those where there is insufficient application of environmental legislation regulating the way in which the business activities of the participants are carried out. In the face of insufficient government support, many multinational corporations, in collaboration with the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, have initiated collective action to adopt best environmental practices in their industries to better protect the environment. It is about adopting green programs, and this is characteristic of corporations in the cement industry, which face many challenges such as: lack of raw materials, depletion of fossil fuel reserves, increased demand for cement and concrete, strong environmental concerns related to climate change. Several different forms of voluntary initiatives can be identified by which multinational corporations seek to achieve more favourable position on the global market, such as: unilateral initiatives initiated by enterprises in the absence of government support, adoption of environmental standards on a voluntary basis have been prescribed by the state, and partnership agreements resulting from the cooperation of public and private actors. This paper reviews individual multinational corporations from the African state of Morocco and how they adopt best environmental practices from other corporations in the cement industry. Adopted environmental practices can increase the capacity of these corporations in the field of environmental protection, and provide them with communication
skills that will enhance collaboration and exchange of ideas with other corporations.