• Charikleia Pagouni National Technical University of Athens,
  • Nenad Nikolić University of Priština - Kosovska Mitrovica
  • Thanos Iliodromitis University of West Attica
  • Vassilis Pagounis University of West Attica
  • Saja Kosanović University of Priština - Kosovska Mitrovica
  • Maria Tsakiri University of Athens



The application of contemporary methods, tools and the equipment to produce technical documentation for heritage buildings is a cuttingedge topic that brings together engineers from various fields of technical sciences. Focusing on one specific heritage example, that is the church of St. Luke in Athens, this paper explains entire methodological process of generating the data on physical characteristics of architectural objects by combining several geo-spatial methods and techniques. The final product is the spatial model of church building, formed from generated point cloud. The model represents a basis from which different forms of technical documentation can be produced, from layouts and elevations, to sections, to details, to 3D representations.


N. Haala and M. Kada, “An update on automatic 3D building reconstruction”, Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, vol. 65, pp. 570–580, 2010.

P. Musialski, P. Wonka, D.G. Aliaga, M. Wimmer, L.J. Gool and W. Purgathofer, “A survey of urban reconstruction”, Computer Graphics Forum, vol. 32(6), pp. 146–177, 2013.

Y. Verdie, F. Lafarge and P. Alliez, “LOD generation for urban scenes”, ACM Transactions on Graphics, vol. 34(3), pp. 1–14, 2015.

P. Dorninger and N. Pfeifer, “A comprehensive automated 3D approach for building extraction, reconstruction, and regularization from airborne laser scanning point clouds”, Sensors, vol. 8(11), pp. 7323–7343, 2008.

L. Truong-Hong and D.F. Laefer, “Quantitative evaluation strategies for urban 3D model generation from remote sensing data”, Computers and Graphics, vol. 49, pp. 82–91, 2015.

W. Ostrowski, M. Pilarska, J. Charyton and K. Bakuła, “Analysis of 3D building models accuracy based on the airborne laser scanning point clouds”, The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, vol. XLII-2, pp. 797–804, 2018.

A. Çabuk, A. Deveci and F. Ergincan, “Improving heritage documentation. Photogrammetry and GIS in Turkey”, GIM International, vol. 21(9), 2007.

K. Lambers, H. Eisenbeiss, M. Sauerbier, D. Kupferschmidt, Th. Gaisecker, S. Sotoodeh and Th. Hanusch, “Combining photogrammetry and laser scanning for the recording and modelling of the late intermediate period site of Pinchango Alto, Palpa, Peru”, Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 34(10), pp. 1702-1712, 2007.

M. Sauerbier and H. Eisenbeiss, “UAVs for the documentation of archaeological excavations”, IAPRS&SIS, vol. 38(5), pp. 526-531, 2010.

K. Jaalama, N. Fagerholm, A. Julin, J-P. Virtanen, M. Maksimainen and H. Hyyppä, “Sense of presence and sense of place in perceiving a 3D geovisualization for communication in urban planning – Differences introduced by prior familiarity with the place”, Landscape and Urban Planning, vol. 207, 103996, 2021.

Αρχαιολογία Online. Internet:, [27.12.2021].

F. Chiabrando, L.M. Turco and C. Santagati, “Digital invasions: from point clouds to historical building object modeling (H-Bom) of a UNESCO WHL site”, The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, vol. XLII-2n(W3), pp. 171–178, 2017.

A. Fryskowska and J. Stachelek J, “A no-reference method of geometric content quality analysis of 3D models generated from laser scanning point clouds for hBIM”, Journal of Cultural Heritage, vol. 34, pp. 95–108, 2018.

F.J. López, P.M. Lerones, J. Liamas, J. Gómez-García-Bermejo and E. Zalama, “A framework for using point cloud data of heritage buildings toward geometry modelling in a BIM context: A case study on Santa Maria la Real de Mave church”, International Journal of Architectural Heritage, vol. 11(7), pp. 965-986, 2017.

D. Stober, R. Žarnić, D. Penava, M. Turkalj Podmanicki and R. Virgej-Đurašević, “Application of HBIM as a research tool for historical building assessment”, Civil Engineering Journal, vol. 4(7), pp. 1565-1574, 2018.

Google Maps. Internet:, [26.02.2022].

3D Imagery in Google Earth. Internet:, [26.02.2022].

Archives of the Catholic Church in Syros, Greece [20.01.2022].

Γ. Θ. Μαλτέζος, Το χρονικόν του Ηρακλείου – Αττικής. Αθήνα: Έκδοσις Ανατολής, 1970.

Heidelberg Historic Literature – Digitized. Karten von Attika: Karten — Berlin, 1895-1903. Internet:, [25.02.2022].

e-ΠΟΛΕΟΔΟΜΙΑ Γεωγραφική Αναζήτηση Πληροφοριών. Internet:, [25.02.2022].

Θ. Κοντερής, Έρευνα και οδηγός της Αττικής, Νέον και Παλαιόν Ηράκλειο. Αθήνα: Ν. Τιλπέρογλου, 1935.

Archives of the Catholic Church of Saint Luke, Athens, Greece, [15.01.2022].

G. Pavlidis, A. Koutsoudis, F. Arnaoutoglou, V. Tsioukas and C. Chamzas, “Methods for 3D digitization of cultural heritage”, Journal of Cultural Heritage, vol. 8(1), pp. 93-98, 2007.

F. Windhager, P. Federico, G. Schreder, K. Glinka, M. Dörk, S. Miksch and E. Mayr, “Visualization of cultural heritage collection data: State of the art and future challenges”, IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 25(6), pp. 2311-2330, 2018.

S. Fai, K. Graham, T. Duckworth, N. Wood and R. Attar, “Building information modelling and heritage documentation”, In Proc. 23rd International Symposium, International Scientific Committee for Documentation of Cultural Heritage (CIPA), Prague, Czech Republic, 2011, pp. 12-16.

F. Chiabrando, V. Donato, L.M. Turco and C. Santagati, “Cultural heritage documentation, analysis and management using building information modelling: state of the art and perspectives”, in Mechatronics for Cultural Heritage and Civil Engineering. Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering, vol. 92. E. Ottaviano, A. Pelliccio and V. Gattulli, Eds. Cham: Springer, 2018, pp. 181-202.




How to Cite

C. Pagouni, N. Nikolić, T. Iliodromitis, V. Pagounis, S. Kosanović, and M. Tsakiri, “GEOMATIC DATA FOR HISTORIC BUILDINGS. THE CASE STUDY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH OF ST. LUKE IN ATHENS, GREECE”, STEPGRAD, vol. 1, no. 15, pp. 668-679, Mar. 2023.