Problems in forensic medical expertise of reduced life activity
In forensic medical expertise, the reduction of life activity, it is necessary to determine the time and intensity of all life activities of the injured party and its consequences in the form of morphological and/ or functional disorders.
In the performance of everyday life activities, “usual life activities” are observed. Their performance is influenced by functional deficits that are evaluated by applying the European table. In performing “individual life activity”, the intensity and time of individual physical effort are important. For these parameters, the values of the functional deficit increase according to the European table, which is only the basis for assessing the decrease in life activity.
The Finding and Opinion requires a numerical and descriptive statement for a more complete insight into both the parties to the dispute and the court itself.
The total decrease in life activity is obtained by summing the reduction of usual and individual life activities. Example: 2.46% + 1,01% = 3,47%.
Quantification and description of reduced life activity is the basis for declaring the degree of mental pain. By declaring a reduction of life activity, by applying the European table and the proposed criteria, the damage is determined much more precisely, which equalizes the court practice and fair monetary compensation.
It should be realistically indicated up to what age the injured party can practice life activities from the circle of hobbies, recreation. For these reasons, it is indicative to make a statement after a certain time because of the possibility of consequences getting worse.