HAEMATOLOGICAL STATUS IN CATS WITH CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE: EFFECT OF A RENAL DIET
Chronic renal failure is a disease characterized by decreased kidney function and
therefore a change in haematological parameters in cats. In our work we analyzed the hematological
parameters, course of renal disease and the lifespan of cats suffering from chronic renal
insufficiency. The aim of the study was to compare the haematological parameters of cats suffering
from CRF, fed a renal diet; cats suffering from CRF not fed a renal diet and cats that were completely
healthy. Then, the importance of using CRF-approved food for diseased cats and the effectiveness
of its application was determined.
The study included a total of 60 cats, divided into three groups. The blood parameters of cats used
in our study were: erythrocytes, thrombocytes, total leucocytes, differential leukocyte, hemoglobin
concentration, hematocrit, MCV, MCH, MCHC, creatinine and urea. The study lasted for three years
at the Veterinary Ambulance for pets "MIM COOP" Banja Luka.
The study data were statistically analyzed using a T-test (p<0.05) and Pearson's correlation
coefficient. The results of our study show that the mean values of haematological parameters in the
group of cats that did not use a renal diet for cats suffering from CRF were different statistically
from other two groups of cats: the group that used a renal diet for cats suffering from CRF and
control groups of cats. Also, cats that used а renal diet have better quality of life and live longer than
cats that did not receive this diet. Dietetic food recover kidneys of the cats suffering from CRF.