High blood pressure in pregnancy // Hipertenzija u trudnoći
High blood pressure in pregnancy is a significant problem and has long been causing the attention of perinatologists. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality of mothers and fetuses. About 8% of pregnancies complicate high blood pressure. It is estimated that 192 women die daily due to hypertensive complications during pregnancy. Hypertension in pregnancy is not a single entity but it includes: pre-existing hypertension; gestational hypertension; pre-pregnancy existing hypertension complicated by gestational hypertension with proteinuria; prenatally unclassified hypertension. The aim of this paper is to point to the problem of hypertension in pregnancy and the importance of its early detection.
It’s a literature review. The literature review period is from 2003-2013. The literature review was carried out in the Hinari, Pubmed and Google Scholar databases.
A total of 50 scientific and professional papers in English and Serbian have been examined, of which work is included. 17. By reviewing the summary of each paper, all articles that did not report hypertension in pregnancy were excluded. Through research that was conducted, it was concluded that pregnancy is a significant problem in pregnancy and is therefore the leading cause of morbidity and mortality of both mothers and fetuses. However, the decision to introduce antihypertensive therapy and the choice of an adequate drug during pregnancy should be based on the assessment of the benefits and risks for each pregnant woman individually. Thus, the role of the health care nurse in gynecology and obstetrics has the primary goal and task to preserve and improve the health of women through a series of preventive-promotional activities, all of which are covered through primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
A literature review lists the risk factors that can cause hypertension in pregnancy, including: age of the patient - under 20 and over 35 years, vascular and renal pathology, gestational diabetes, obesity or malnutrition, pheochromocytoma, systemic lupus, poor living conditions, there is and increased risk in first-born patients. Women who have been hypertensive during their first pregnancy have a higher risk of subsequent pregnancy.