• Vladan Mićić University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Technology, Karakaj bb, 75400 Zvornik, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Pero Dugić University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Technology, Vojvode Stepe Stepanovića 73, 78000 Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Zoran Petrović University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Technology, Karakaj bb, 75400 Zvornik, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Milorad Tomić University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Technology, Karakaj bb, 75400 Zvornik, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina



The use of fossil fuels results in global warming and pollution. In comparison with fossil fuels biofuels represent an eco-friendly, biodegradable, sustainable, cost-competitive and promising alternative energy source. They contain high energy content and do not contribute to greenhouse effect. Therefore, using cheap or renewable resources as the feedstock for biofuels production has a great potential in terms of a major contribution to future energy supply. The production and use of biofuels is already well established and a further promotion of these fuels such as lipid biofuels (bioethanol, pure plant oils and biodiesel) and gas biofuels (biomethane, biohydrogen) mainly depends on non-technical issues, such as policies and cost–effectiveness. Biofuels will definitely stay for the foreseeable future and still can continue to provide the earth and the human population with a relatively clean source of energy with several benefits such as economic benefits of providing employment and health benefits of reduced carbon emissions, leading to cleaner air. With increasing sophistication of technology and intense research and development done, one can safely infer that biofuel will become more appealing and applicable for use on a globally commercial level. As such, biofuel is acknowledged as the Earth’s future energy source. Until a newer and cleaner energy source is discovered, scientists will definitely persist in researching and enhancing biofuels to make them more cost-effective, while still being environmentally friendly.


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