THREE-DIMENSIONAL BIOMECHANICAL AND VISUALISATION MODEL OF VERTIGO DISEASE IN THE SEMI-CIRCULAR CANAL

Authors

  • Žarko Milošević Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, Sestre Janjića 6, Kragujevac, Serbia 2 BioIRC, Bioengineering Research and Development Center, Prvoslava Stojanovića 6, Kragujevac
  • Dalibor Nikolić Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, Sestre Janjića 6, Kragujevac, Serbia 2 BioIRC, Bioengineering Research and Development Center, Prvoslava Stojanovića 6, Kragujevac
  • Igor Saveljić Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, Sestre Janjića 6, Kragujevac, Serbia 2 BioIRC, Bioengineering Research and Development Center, Prvoslava Stojanovića 6, Kragujevac
  • Velibor Isailović Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, Sestre Janjića 6, Kragujevac, Serbia 2 BioIRC, Bioengineering Research and Development Center, Prvoslava Stojanovića 6, Kragujevac
  • Thanos Bibas National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, 1st Department of Otolaryngology – Head & Neck Surgery, Athens, Greece
  • Nenad Filipović1 Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, Sestre Janjića 6, Kragujevac, Serbia 2 BioIRC, Bioengineering Research and Development Center, Prvoslava Stojanovića 6, Kragujevac

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7251/cm.v2i7.4229

Abstract

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common type of vertigo. The symptoms of BPPV typically appear after angular movements of the head. BPPV leads to dizziness, nausea and imbalance. In this study, we examined a model of the semi-circular canal (SCC) with fully 3D three dimensional anatomical data from specific patient. A full Navier-Stokes equations and continuity equations are used for fluid domain with Arbitrary-Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation for mesh motion of finite element. Fluid-structure interaction for fluid coupling with cupula deformation is used. Particle tracking algorithm is implemented for particle motion. Motion of the otoconia particles which is main cause for BPPV is simulated. Velocity distribution, shear stress and force from endolymph side are presented for patient specific three SCC.  We compared our numerical models with experiments with head moving and nystagmus eye tracking. Numerical simulation can give more details and understanding of the pathology of the specific patient in standard clinical diagnostic and therapy procedure for BPPV.

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Published

2017-12-29