ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND NATURE-INSPIRED OPTIMIZATION ON INTEGRATIVE CAPACITY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN THE WESTERN BALKAN
Two artificial intelligence models for the integration of renewable energy
sources are developed within this research to contribute to the European Green Plan
realization. The review of renewable energy natural potential, on one hand, and installed
capacity, on the other hand, in the Western Balkans and twenty-eight European countries is
done within this research, as well as emissions. The analyses show that the European
countries, sometimes even with lower natural potential in renewables, have installed much
more renewable capacities than the Balkans countries with much higher natural potential.
According to this, the first artificial intelligence model is developed based on multi-criteria
linear regression analysis. This model relies on the correlation between the relevant
regressors, i.e. relevant input variables for twenty-eight European countries and the same
regressors for a particular Balkans country. Its goal is to find the maximum possible
integrative renewable capacity in a Balkans’s country within the real socio-economic
environment. The second artificial intelligence model is developed based on multi-criteria
evolution genetic algorithms. Its goal is to find the maximum possible integrative renewable
capacity within a real electric power system. Nature-inspired optimization is applied. From
the framework of a given large number of generations, technical combinations of the degree
of renewable energy sources integration, the best populations, i.e. combinations are selected.
As nature selects from many generations and allows the best to survive and punishes the
„weakˮ, in our case, „weak” combinations are those failing to meet the given conditions and
limitations of the real electric power system. A new methodology is offered. Theoretical
general formulas are given for both models. Developed models are tested on a numerical
experiment of solar energy integration in the Serbia case study. Analyses of sensitivity prove
that both models are applicable for all renewable energy sources and countries or regions.