Road Traffic Accidents Analysis Using Data Mining Techniques
Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) are a major public concern, resulting in an estimated 1.2 million deaths and 50 million injuries worldwide each year. In the developing world, RTAs are among the leading cause of death and injury. Most of the analysis of road accident uses data mining techniques which provide productive results. The analysis of the accident locations can help in identifying certain road accident features that make a road accident to occur frequently in the locations. Association rule mining is one of the popular data mining techniques that identify the correlation in various attributes of road accident. Data analysis has the capability to identify different reasons behind road accidents. In the existing system, k-means algorithm is applied to group the accident locations into three clusters. Then the association rule mining is used to characterize the locations. Most state of the art traffic management and information systems focus on data analysis and very few have been done in the sense of classification. So, the proposed system uses classification technique to predict the severity of the accident which will bring out the factors behind road accidents that occurred and a predictive model is constructed using fuzzy logic to predict the location wise accident frequency.