Digitalization of Sound Using Pulse Code Modulation (PCM)


  • Siniša Tomić Pan European University APEIRON Banja Luka
  • Dalibor Drljača Pan European University APEIRON Banja Luka



This paper focuses on Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) as a technology for digitizing analog signals. PCM is a widely used technique that enables precise encoding and transmission of analog information through digital pulse signals. The basic principles of PCM are explained here. PCM converts an analog signal into a digital form through sampling, quantization, and encoding. Sampling refers to the conversion of a continuous analog signal into discrete samples at regular time intervals. Then, quantization is applied to round each sample to the nearest possible quantization value, reducing the continuous range of values to discrete levels. Afterward, each quantized sample is encoded into a digital form. PCM is commonly used in various communication systems as well as in digital audio processing. In communication systems, PCM enables reliable transmission of voice signals, music, and other audio content over digital networks. In digital audio processing, PCM is used for recording, playback, and manipulation of sound, enabling high-quality reproduction and precise processing.