• Hamid EL BILALI
  • Francesco BOTTALICO
  • Gianluigi CARDONE
  • Roberto CAPONE



Pastoralism has a long tradition in the Mediterranean region. However, there is little evidence about its contribution to sustainable development in the region. Therefore, this review analyses the state of research on the multifaceted relations between pastoralism and sustainable development in the Mediterranean with a particular reference to the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It draws upon a systematic review of all documents indexed in the Web of Science by June 2021. The analysis of the scholarly literature suggests that (i) there is a divide with most studies performed in Northern Mediterranean countries; (ii) no article has investigated the contribution of pastoralism to the
implementation of the sustainable development agendas (MDGs and SDGs) in the Mediterranean; and (iii) most of the selected articles deal with environmental sustainability (cf. biodiversity, land use, land degradation, deforestation) while social, cultural and economic aspects are generally overlooked. The ongoing processes of intensification, specialisation and modernisation of pastoral systems do not only jeopardise the provision of various ecosystem services, but also put at risk the preservation and sustainability of traditional pastoral systems. Such modernisation also leads to the erosion of pastoral culture and the abandonment of some traditional systems such as sylvo-pastoralism and mobile pastoralism. Sustainable development of pastoralism in the Mediterranean implies improving the livelihoods and living conditions of pastoralists while preserving their unique cultural heritage and social capital and ensuring the continued provision of ecosystem systems. Such development pathway should be guided by and aligned with the SDGs.

Keywords: agro-pastoralism, biodiversity, Millennium Development Goals, pasture, Sustainable Development Goals



link situs slot gacor terbaru Situs toto togel 4D Toto Situs agen toto togel 4D Situs toto togel terpercaya slot deposit pulsa bandar togel 4d bandar togel 4d situs togel slot bandar togel resmi bandar togel 4d slot online gacor bandar slot pulsa situs togel 4d situs togel macau bandar togel macau situs togel hk judi slot online situs toto togel 4d situs toto togel keluaran toto togel slot togel 4d situs toto togel toto togel resmi togel resmi 4d bandar togel 4d toto macau 4d bandar togel 4d slot deposit pulsa situs toto togel 4d situs togel terpercaya situs toto togel situs slot online situs togel 4d situs togel toto toto togel 4d slot togel 4d situs togel terpercaya togel toto slot bandar togel terpercaya toto togel situs toto 4d resmi situs togel toto 4d bandar toto macau terpercaya bo toto togel 4d resmi agen togel 4d